LoRa Frequency Bands in India

>>LoRa Frequency Bands in India
LoRa Frequency Bands India

Are there any license free LoRa frequency bands in India?

We have been getting this question from many clients over the past couple of months and we thought we will make it clear as to where we stand on the matter at this time. A little back ground first because most people (even many IoT experts) are just discovering LoRa.

LoRa is a long range (10+ Kms) low data rate, low power wireless communication technology intended to fill the huge void between short range technologies like BLE, WiFi, Zigbee etc and long range but operator and network dependent GSM standards. It’s still very early days but as of now for parties interested IoT LoRa could be godsend.

LoRa can work with many frequency bands in the ISM band of frequencies, but the popular bands are

This is because the only known semiconductor product capable of completing a LoRaWAN, the Semtech SX1301 supports only these bands. This might remain so for some time to come because of Semtech keeping things tight with the supply of SX1301 and even documentation about the SX1301.

Now the confusion arises in India because the 865 MHz to 867 MHz license free band in India ends at 867 MHz, as per the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology directions as mentioned here. Bit of a conundrum because in the ITU Region 1 (Mostly Europe) 863-870 MHz is license free (How I wish the British had decided our frequency bands before leaving).

LoRa Frequency Band

However, there is a silver lining with the 868 MHz LoRa band. As with all frequency bands there are 8 channels in the 868 MHz LoRa band. These eight channels are spread over frequencies starting at 865.20 MHz and ending at 868 MHz. So in reality a major portion of the 868 MHz LoRa frequency channels are in the license free 865 MHz – 867 MHz band in India. Seven out of the eight channels are in the license free band in India.

So as things stand right now we are good to go with LoRa in India.

Update (01-01-2017)

On a related note we came across this example implementation on LoRaWAN Frequencies that are within the legal bounds for licence free implementation in India. This implementation is from loriot.io, one of few free network servers for implementing test/trail LoRaWAN deployments. More details on the same in a separate post in a future.

Channel Frequency Modulation / BW
0 865.400 MHz MultiSF 125 kHz
1 865.600 MHz MultiSF 125 kHz
2 865.800 MHz MultiSF 125 kHz
3 866.000 MHz MultiSF 125 kHz
4 866.200 MHz MultiSF 125 kHz
5 866.400 MHz MultiSF 125 kHz
6 866.600 MHz MultiSF 125 kHz
7 866.800 MHz MultiSF 125 kHz
LoRa 865.700 MHz SF7 250 kHz
FSK 865.700 MHz FSK 250 kHz, 64 kbps
RX2 channel (downlink)
RX2 865.200 MHz SF12 125 kHz

Trademark Disclaimer: LoRa and LoRaWAN are Trademarks of Semtech Corporation

By |2018-03-15T09:54:26+00:00June 10th, 2016|LoRa WAN|26 Comments

About the Author:

Deepak is Co-Founder and Managing Director at Ensemble Tech. He has more than 15 years of experience working with embedded systems and wireless technologies. His present focus area is IoT and low power wireless communication technologies.

26 Comments

  1. Sharath MK July 22, 2016 at 6:21 pm - Reply

    Please can you suggest where to buy lora for arduino and raspberry pi. Please attach link if possible.
    Thanks

    • ensemble August 5, 2016 at 6:10 pm - Reply

      A quick search for LoRa Shield for Arduino throws up plenty of options. We couldn’t find any in India though.

  2. ramesh November 11, 2016 at 11:37 am - Reply

    i bought rn2483 chip from abroad.. i kept radio set freq 867000000, pwr 14 , bit rate = 64 bps for both chips one for tx and another for rx (peer to peer)..
    idea is to send message from tx to rx, but iam getting 700 meters only..will u help how to get more distance

    but rn2483 claims that more than 15 km in suburban, but iam hardly getting 1.2 km

    help me how to get distance?

    • Ensemble November 15, 2016 at 6:53 am - Reply

      Ramesh

      The range you get out of any LoRa modules and configurations depends on many factors, including the location and the antenna. If you are using small antennas (3-5dBi) 700 meters is not a bad practical range for peer to peer communications. LoRaWAN can however give you much better ranges.

  3. Rahul December 15, 2016 at 7:38 pm - Reply

    For testing and certification purpose, are there any regulatory requirements (like FCC in US) in India.

  4. Gousmodin March 3, 2017 at 12:54 pm - Reply

    Hi Deepak,

    This is really good article and clears most of our confusion. I have got iC880A LoRa concentrator and it says 868MHz, can you help me understand if I can configure this gateway to operate in the indian frequency band.

    • Ensemble March 3, 2017 at 1:07 pm - Reply

      Yes, that is possible. Your network server component will enable you to do that.

  5. Gousmodin March 3, 2017 at 1:19 pm - Reply

    To make iC880A concentrator work in india, do we need to just configure or it requires hardware change?
    Please help to understand this part.

    If possible through configuration, can you please send the configuration or let me know how to configure this concentrator.

  6. Abhishek March 4, 2017 at 10:20 am - Reply

    Hi Team,
    its a good blog on LoRaWAN. As you mentioned that its GSM/service provider dependent, so do we have to take services from any service provider or we can individually install LoRaWan BTS for our sensors

    Have checked that Tata Communication has tied up with Semtech for LoraWan BTS, but dont know the status of its commercial usage availability? Any info on this

    • Ensemble March 4, 2017 at 11:19 am - Reply

      There are primarily two types for deployments :
      Private deployments within limited area where LoRaWAN Gateways(BTS) can be installed and maintained by individuals / private parties.
      Public deployments where the application requires a city wide / multi city connectivity, in which case public service providers like TCL make better sense.

  7. Gousmodin March 4, 2017 at 6:15 pm - Reply

    One confusion still persists in my mind whether sx1301 supports indian frequency on lora?

    • Bikash March 16, 2017 at 1:21 pm - Reply

      Yes, iC880A module supports Indian ISM frequency band 865-67MHz

  8. Ashutosh Mittal March 9, 2017 at 2:24 pm - Reply

    Hi,
    Are these frequency channels given by LoRa Alliance?
    Has anyone worked on IMST im880b module, or the library given by IMST for LoRa?

  9. Mangesh August 10, 2017 at 1:22 pm - Reply

    we can configure the LORA chipset to work in Indian frequency band of 865 to 867 with channels configured

    • Ensemble August 10, 2017 at 3:43 pm - Reply

      Yes that is possible. Depending on the chipset / module you are using the procedure will vary.

  10. Vishnu September 13, 2017 at 6:14 am - Reply

    This approach of using lower frequencies and not using 868 MHz will not work. As per the LoRa specifications (section 7.1.2), every LoRa device working in 868 MHz spectrum must support 3 default channels and that cannot be changed. The channel frequencies are 868.10 MHz, 868.30 MHz,868.50 MHz. Any module, that adheres to EU 868 standard will emit radiations in that band, and thus, is in-usable in India.

    Even the 433 MHz band, that looks promising cannot be used. The reason is, that the minimum LoRa bandwidth is 125KHz, whereas, as per the current “India Frequency Allocation Plan 2011”, in the 433 MHz spectrum, the maximum bandwidth allowed is 10 KHz.

    Basic story, as per my understanding is, that India is not ready for LoRa as yet, until the regulations are updated. Let me know if my understanding is incorrect.

    • Ensemble September 21, 2017 at 11:59 am - Reply

      Vishnu

      The Indian band has certain limitations compared to the EU band. However to say that LoRa in India is not possible / viable is factually incorrect. Also latest LoRaWAN specifications have included India specific frequency plan.

  11. Rishikesh September 21, 2017 at 10:20 am - Reply

    Hello Every one , I just want to start with LoRa system . After reading this blog i come to know that there is a frequency (865-867MHz) in which we can use unlicensed frequency . But can any one tell mi which modules has facility to adjust frequency . And are they available in india

    • Ensemble September 21, 2017 at 11:56 am - Reply

      Rishikesh

      All modules that are designed for the 868Mhz band can be used with these frequencies. The frequency selection / configuration happens in your node firmware, the procedure for this varies from manufacturer to manufacturer.

      • Rishikesh September 26, 2017 at 5:46 am - Reply

        Thanks for Helping . One more confusion is about gateways . Is there any gateway available in pune for LoRaWAN

  12. Ashwin January 11, 2018 at 7:27 am - Reply

    Are there any dBm related regulations for the above frequencies in India ? For instance, I came across ETSI (Europe) regulations that restricts maximum allowed power to be transmitted in 868 MHz band to 14DbM. Do we have any such restrictions in India ?

    • Ensemble February 16, 2018 at 11:24 am - Reply

      The maximum transmitted power limitation in India is 1W.

  13. Sai Krishna May 22, 2018 at 11:27 am - Reply

    Texas Instruments (TI) is providing the solution for Sub GHz wireless solutions (CC1310, CC1350) using their proprietary stack. How their solution (TI) is different from Semtech LoRA solution, i know they are using different modulations for their purpose, other than any differences between them. If i want to implement a LoRa (sub GHz) network in a colony, how these products fare (CC1310 Vs im880B)? Can i go with the TI (CC1310) based solution for my application.

    • Ensemble June 19, 2018 at 4:06 pm - Reply

      LoRa Vs other Sub GHz is a question we get asked very often and there has been a fair amount of debate on this very topic. We recommend you go through this for a fair debate on this. We can tell you however that for very low data rate and non time critical data LoRa is a better alternative than other Sub Ghz options.

  14. himanshu arya July 3, 2018 at 6:36 am - Reply

    can any one help me how to make own LoRa Network for a Factory Automation like temperature,humidity etc. and how to get LoRa Modules in india please call me if any one have good experience in IoT development. we just start a fresh startup in IoT please help us – call me – 9xxxxxxxx

    • Ensemble July 6, 2018 at 10:03 am - Reply

      We will get in touch with you about the same.

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